Contamination of Groundwater by Arsenic in Ballia & Ghazipur Districts of Eastern U. P.
Akbare Azam1, Bhupendra Kr. Sarma2
1Akbare Azam, Department of Chemistry, Government Girls P. G. College, Ghazipur, U. P., India
2Bhupendra Kr. Sarma, Department of Chemistry Mewar University, Gangrar, Chittorgarh Rajasthan
Manuscript received on 09 April 2021 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 April 2021 | Manuscript Accepted on 15 May 2021 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2021 | PP: 33-37 | Volume-1 Issue-1, May 2021 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijee.A1810051121
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Abstract: Arsenic, a notable and a well-known cancercausing agent, is perceived as one of the world’s most hazardous synthetic compounds. Soil & groundwater are contaminated by arsenic due to weathering or disintegration of rocks containing arsenic sediments and its dissolution into water floods which carry it to affected areas. Location of U. P. is in middle Ganga plain and it has tropical monsoon climate. It has 75 districts which are further divided into divisions and tehsils. Eastern part of U. P. is severely affected by As contamination . Many investigation agencies like U. P. Jalnigam, UNICEF AND WHO have reported more than 63 ppb As in drinking water of inhabitants which is very fatal for human life. Water sampling data reported high level of As contamination in many districts of eastern U. P. like Ballia, Ghazipur, Varanasi, Chandauli, Siddharthnagar, Gorakhpur, Basti, Lakhimpur Khiri etc. Study of contaminated water samples from villages Haldi, Bairiya, Belhari, Dubhad, Mohan Chapra, Sikandarpur, Dipran kalan, Premchapra & Suremanpur (Ballia district) and villages of Ghazipur district Reotipur, Deokali, Mohammadabad, Karanda, Ghazipur city etc. show variation of As concentration during Pre and Post monsoon seasons.
Keywords: Hazardous, Groundwater, As Contamination, Pre and Post Monsoon Seasons, As Concentration
Scope: Fate and Transport of Contaminants on Watersheds (Surface Water, Groundwater, Soil, Atmosphere)